What is PMR

Conditions Treated By Physiatrist

PM&R physicians (or physiatrists) evaluate and manage patients with short- or long-term physical impairments and disabilities that result from musculoskeletal conditions (neck or back pain, or sports or work injuries), neurological conditions (stroke, brain injury or spinal cord injury) or other medical conditions. Their goal is to decrease pain and enhance performance.

Below are some of the most common PM&R-related conditions and rehabilitation treatment offered; all are grouped by clinical area.

Musculoskeletal disorders

  • Back and Neck Pain
  • ACL Injury and Rehabilitation
  • Adhesive capsulitis of shoulder joint
  • Adult-Onset Torticollis
  • Ankle Sprain
  • Carpal Tunnel Syndrome
  • Cervical Radiculopathy
  • Cervical Stenosis
  • Whiplash injuries
  • Vertebral Compression Fractures
  • De Quervain Tenosynovitis
  • Tennis Golfer’s Elbow & with and without Nerve Entrapment
  • Iliotibial Band Syndrome
  • Impingement Syndromes of the Shoulder
  • Inflammatory Arthritis
  • Knee Osteoarthritis
  • Lumbar Disk Disorders
  • Lumbar Radiculopathy
  • Lumbar Spondylolisthesis
  • Lumbar Stenosis
  • Medial and Lateral Collateral Ligament Injuries
  • Patello-femoral Syndrome
  • Plantar Fasciitis
  • Proximal and Mid-Hamstring Strain/Tendon Tear
  • Sports Concussion
  • Tendinopathy
  • Trigger Finger

Geriatric disorders

  • Fall Prevention in the Elderly
  • Age-Associated Changes and Biology of Aging
  • Osteoporosis
  • Adult Geriatric Muscle Disease
  • Osteoarthritis and age related degenerative changes

Rheumatological disorders

  • Medical Management of Rheumatologic disorders and rehabilitation of various deformities
  • Orthotics and surgical management of deformities due to rheumatoid arthritis

Cardio-pulmonary disorders

  • Cardiac rehabilitation post angioplasty, bypass surgery, angina, Heart Failure, Myocardial infarction, post valve replacement surgery etc.
  • Pulmonary rehabilitation of COPD, Interstitial lung diseases, post lung resection surgery etc.

Cancer rehabilitation

  • Cancer pain management including opiods and interventions
  • Improving functional outcomes after cancer rehabilitation
  • Palliative care
  • Lymphedema management post cancer surgery

Pain management

  • Central post stroke pain
  • Complex regional pain syndrome
  • Degenerative joint disease
  • Arthritis pain
  • Degenerative disc diseases of spine
  • Spinal pain
  • Neuropathic pain
  • Cancer pain
  • Vasculitis pain
  • Somatic pain
  • Visceral pain
  • Fibromyalgia
  • Myofascial pain
  • Opioid management for chronic pain
  • Peripheral neuropathy pain
  • Phantom limb pain
  • Trigeminal neuralgia
  • Headaches
  • Chronic pelvic pain

Rehabilitation of Central Nervous System Disorders

  • Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS)
  • Cervical Spondylotic Myelopathy
  • Disorders of Language, Speech and Swallowing
  • Fertility, Sexuality and Reproduction After Spinal Cord Injury
  • Heterotopic Ossification
  • Hypoxic Brain Injury
  • Idiopathic Parkinson's Disease and rehabilitation management
  • Infectious Encephalopathies and Leukoencephalopathies
  • Metabolic Encephalopathies
  • Traumatic Brain Injury
  • Multiple Sclerosis
  • Myelomeningocele (Spina Bifida)
  • Neurogenic Bladder & Bowel
  • Seizures and Epilepsy
  • Spasticity management
  • Stroke
  • Traumatic Spinal Cord Injury

Pediatric Rehabilitation

  • Cerebral Palsy
  • Congenital longitudinal and transverse deficiencies
  • Duchenne and Becker Muscular Dystrophy
  • Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome
  • Neonatal Brachial Plexus Injury
  • Pediatric traumatic brain injury
  • Pediatric Stroke
  • Scoliosis
  • Spina Bifida
  • Autism spectrum disorders
  • Dyslexia, Learning disability